The provision, financing and regulation of healthcare will be crucial if the best-case predictions of 'Africa Rising' are to be realised. Private providers may have a major role.
One key variable is whether public policy is open-minded enough to catalyse this potential -- beyond just the excitable rhetoric on public-private partnerships discussed in a previous post.
While some familiar patterns and problems persists, at least two broad shifts are underway in many settings. Many governments are ill-prepared for the first one, which is largely a function of demographic and economic trends: some long-term shift in aggregate disease burden towards non-communicable 'lifestyle' and diet-related diseases (such as Type-II Diabetes) associated with the 'new urban middle classes'.
The other broad shift is an increasing role for private funders and providers, not just in meeting the needs of high-income earners, but in mass low-cost, high volume goods and services, such as micro-insurance. As is true at many levels across the continent, considerable scope remains for innovative partnering, such as in Nigeria where the government piggy-backed on Coca-Cola's well-developed distribution networks to augment its own very poor distribution capacity in relation to spreading public awareness about HIV. There are public policy risks to such interactions, partner-picking and 'co-branding', but they are generally navigable.
Again as with so many things in sub-Saharan Africa's 40+ countries, there will be plenty of unevenness, with big variations within countries and as between different countries. One risk remains a growing quality gap between private and public healthcare, although some research (McKinsey) suggests that low-income groups in some countries make considerably more use of private, for-profit health services than is often assumed.
This is enough from me on the private sector and public health in Africa, since here in Oxford is a far more qualified commentator on the topic, Dr Serufusa Sikkide, whose recent blog post notes how being pro- the private sector's role in African healthcare is not necessarily an abdication of public-minded values and goals.
Implicit in Serufusa's post is that the most important shift in healthcare in Africa -- perhaps in its development more generally -- could be the mindset shift that looks to harness appropriate private sector contributions to the state's provision of public goods.
See here for a collection of some previous posts on related themes, and a recent FT article on a recurrent theme of this blog: the wider trend of engaging the private sector in development.
There is a lot of material on this topic. The issue of service-provision is somewhat distinct from public-private cooperation on healthcare goods, that is pharmaceutical products. There is a lot going on in that sphere.
See the IFC's 'Healthy Partnerships' report (2011) on how governments can engage the private sector to improve healthcare in Africa, and see here too (2012).
See here for the McKinsey report 'Healthcare in Africa: a vital role for the private sector', although now over 5 years old, and overview reports from well-known thinktanks, the reports linked here: WEF, CGD and CSIS
Finally, see here for some thoughtful contributions on the trade-offs potentially involved in increasing public engagement with the private sector in healthcare provision, albeit in South Africa, whose healthcare landscape is not analogous to most countries further north.